Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection Among Dyspepsia Patients With Mucosal Lesion in Tertiary Care Hospitaladmin
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a curved rod shaped bacteria, is found to be associated with acid peptic disease patients, more in ulcer than non-ulcer, leading to a belief that H. pylori plays a role in its etiopathogenesis. In this study we examine the prevalence of H. pylori infection among dyspepsia patients with mucosal lesion.
300 patients of dyspepsia were enrolled in the study as per inclusion/exclusion criteria for a period of eight months. Enrolled patients were subjected to upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy and findings were recorded. Biopsy specimen taken from mucosal lesions were immediately inoculated on ‘RUT dry kit’ to test for H. pylori infection. Results: 234 out of 300 patients (78%) were found to be positive for H. pylori infection. The incidence of H. pylori infection was higher in patients with ulcer dyspepsia (88.46%) when compared to the patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia (72.44%).
Prevalence of H. pylori infection was high and was found to have an association with ulcer dyspepsia allowing us to conclude that H. pylori may have a role in its etiopathogenesis.